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2009 - Couplings Spring Newsletter IIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIII�IIII�uullPlllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllll��� ��Illllulllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllll��ullll�� "°�Illllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllliil'°'° (IIIIIII Ili Vi, tll III Vi, iiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiillillillillillillillillillillillillilliillillilillillillillillillillillillilliillillilillillillillillillillillillilliillillilillillillillillillillillillilliillillilillillillillillillillillillilliillillilillillillillillillillillillilliillillilillillillillillillillillillilliillillilillillillillillillillillillilliillillilillillillillillillillillillilliillillilillillillillillillillillillilliillillilillillillillillillillillillilliillillilillillillillillillillillillilliillillilillillillillillillillillillilliillillilillillillillillillillillillilliillillilillillillillillillillillillilliillillilillillillillillillillillillilliillillilillillillillillillillillillilliillillilillillillillillillillillillilliillillilillillillillillillillillillilliillillilillillillillillillillillillilliillillilillillillillillillillillillilliillillilillillillillillillillillillilliillillilillillillillillillillillillilliillillilillillillillillillillillillilliillillilillillillillillillillillillilliillillilillillillillillillillillillilliillillilillillillillillillillillillilliillillilillillillillillillillillillilliillillililI CONNECTING THE COMMUNITY WITH THE FIRE DEPARTMENT iiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiillillillillillillilliillillillillillilliillillillillilliillillillillillillilliillillillillillillilliillillillillillillillillillillilliillillillillillillilliillillillillillillilliillillillillillillillillillillilliillillillillillillilliillillillillillillilliillillillillillillillillillillilliillillillillillillilliillillillillillillilliillillillillillillillillillillilliillillillillillillilliillillillillillillilliillillillillillillillillillillilliillillillillillillilliillillillillillillilliillillillillillillillillillillilliillillillillillillilliillillillillillillilliillillillillillillillillillillilliillillillillillillilliillillillillillillilliillillillillillillillillillillilliillillillillillillilliillillillillillillilliillillillillillillillillillillilliillillillillillillilliillillillillillillilliillillillillillillillillillillilliillillillillillillilliillillillillillillilliillillillillillillillillillillilliillillillillillillilliillillillillillillilliillillillillillillillillillillilliillillillillillillilliillillillillillillilliillillillillillillillillillillilliillillillillillillilliillillililI Yield l"If ee It's happened to all of us, peacefully motoring along in the Many times emergency vehicles travel in groups, and not family car, and from out of nowhere there's a fire engine in necessarily from the same direction. So if you have just your rearview mirror. What happens next can be smooth gotten out of the way for one emergency vehicle, expect to and easy, or confusing and disastrous. see another unit. State law says motorists must yield the right of way, pull Here are some tips on not getting surprised while driving: over to the right as far as possible and stop, allowing the 1. Always drive defensively. Be aware of the possible emergency vehicle to pass. problems around you. 2. Check your mirrors on a regular basis. Well, that's easy to say but hard to do, especially in heavy 3. Keep your radio volume down. You never know, traffic. If you can't get to the right of the road, stay where maybe those emergency vehicles are responding to an you are and let the emergency vehicles drive around you. emergency in your neighborhood. Whatever you do, don't jeopardize anyone else's safety, and don't panic. IIIIIII IIIIIII'° IIIIIII'° '111t HaIIImeiiiiIIIIIII'° r a � r l 9 1 er r rr At the summer Highland Games held at Greenmeade, Livonia Firefighters pulled their way past some "heavy" competition to reclaim their first place trophy in the tug-of-war competition. The win makes three wins in the four times that the event has been held. Way to go team. . .we are"pulling"for you. Safe uuu Bicycle """"" IIIty By Chris Furstenau Now that the cold, harsh winter is search engine; there you can find that is something you will have to behind us, it's time for us to get out of many tips to help keep you safe. decide on for yourself and/or your the winter doldrums and get outside. children. Spring brings all of us a new begin- Let's say, for example, you are riding ning; a chance to finally get some down the street and a car is pulling Studies have been done about riding fresh, clean air and exercise. For out of a side street, parking lot, or on the sidewalk. One study said that some, it is a chance to continue our driveway on your right. Either the car riding on the sidewalk is two times New Years' resolutions and lose pulls out first and you hit them, or, more dangerous than riding on the those few extra pounds. Others may you pull out first and they hit you from street.Another study said that it is just enjoy the fact that the days are the side.Avoid this by getting a even more dangerous than that. getting longer and that affords us headlight, horn, or both. Slow down. Arguments can be made either way, more opportunity to play outside. Try and make eye contact with the and it is up to the parents to make Kids especially can finally start riding driver, if possible.Another alternative certain that kids comply with the rules that new bike they received from is to ride a little farther left than you set forth by them. Santa. normally would. This goes against traditional teaching methods, but it It is also important to mention that While the majority of bike safety does offer you some options. Statis- bike riders need to travel with the flow centers around wearing a helmet and tics show that riding more in the of traffic and not against the flow. You obeying the laws, which ARE impor- middle of the street MAY be safer are less likely to be run into from tant, this article will try and offer because you are less likely to get hit behind, and cars typically are not suggestions on how not to get from behind; drivers can see you looking for traffic of any kind to be injured. I am not going to downplay or easily if you are riding in the same heading in the wrong direction. It is minimize the need for helmets. That direction as they are. When the driver also much harder(for a bicycle)to can not be stressed enough. But if of the car is pulling out from your make a right turn safely when travel- bicycle safety ends with that, then we right, he isn't looking along the curb ing in the opposite direction, or are really just hoping that when we do for you; he is looking in the middle of against traffic. crash or get hit by a car, our helmets the street for oncoming cars. This will keep us alive. Think along these may allow him to see you.Another Bicycle safety is only as effective as lines: We, as bike riders, could be benefit of riding a little farther left than the person trying to be safe. Laws better off with no helmet, if we were usual is that if the driver doesn't see must be known and followed, bikes aware of some techniques and some you, you can move farther left in front need to be maintained and inspected knowledge on how not to have an of him, or possibly move right behind frequently. Make necessary repairs accident. Ironic?Absolutely. To put it him. and adjustments.Accidents happen, another way, helmets will do nothing no matter how careful people try to to prevent us from being hit by a car. What if a driver that is parked on the be.Always watch the traffic condi- The bike riders' number one goal right side of the street suddenly tions around you. You should always should be to avoid being hit in the first opens her door to exit the vehicle use caution, and know that cars place. right in front of you? With no time to aren't always looking out for pedestri- react, the bicyclist will run into the ans and bicyclists. Use common Some of the most common types of open door. If you ride a little farther sense, good judgment, and of course, bike vs. car collisions can be avoided left, this should be avoided. This also helmets, lights, horns and brightly altogether with some tips that many may be avoided with a headlight, colored clothing. Make sure your kids people aren't aware of. Some of used day and night, a horn, and by are following your rules, and have these may apply to you, and some wearing bright colored clothing. consequences if they do not.Avoiding may not. This is not meant to replace accidents is the best safety advice anything that you have ever learned Suppose you are riding your bike on you can get. about bicycle safety; rather it is just the sidewalk and you come to a some food for thought. Maybe this crosswalk, attempting to cross the article will give you some options to street. Even though the law states the 14 think about the next time you get on bicyclist has the right-of--way, the o,�,r� your bike and ride.As cyclists, driver of the car may not see you. j!�'O nothing can substitute common sense Cars turning from one street to and beingfull aware of the con- another may not be looking fora h °'' Y Y g (Kara ti . . stantly changing conditions that are bicycle in the crosswalk. To minimize present on the streets. Do not expect this accident, you need to slow down /�,�;,� that motorists will be watching for you when approaching the cross street. and obeying the laws that pertain to Slow down enough that if you havef/'�y ,,y;,��, "��� driving a car. Many automobile to, you can come to a complete stop. 9 9 Y drivers do not know the laws, and Use a headlight and taillight, da or worse yet, some just don't care. For night, and brightly colored clothing. ; " more detailed information, get on the Some"experts"will tell you not to ride internet and type in bicycle safety to a on the sidewalk in the first place, but 2 C a II ���af i By: Chris Furstenau With the summer months that fire produces radiant heat, so fire department. It is a relatively simple r9 closely approaching us, it keep combustibles and accelerants process, and a fee may be imposed, l % is our job at the Livonia used to start the fire, a safe distance but it is with your best interest in mind Fire and Rescue Depart- away. It should go without saying to to ensure everyone's safety. The same dyo ment to keep you keep children, pets, and yourselves safety rules apply; make sure you abreast with fire safety a safe distance away as well. Burn have a water supply ready to go, keep tips. We'll switch gears injuries are permanent combustibles, accelerants, people and from fire safety in the home and pets away, and only use fire pits workplace, to fire safety at the camp- If at all possible, keep a water supply designed for fires as a means for site. Camping is a great way to enjoy or fire extinguisher in close proximity containing the fire. the outdoors with the family, but safety to your campfire in case the fire gets still needs to be a primary focus. a little bigger than you had planned. Common sense and safety conscious Campfires are a great way to make While this may not be feasible while decisions are your best tools for memories with family and friends, and away from home, have a shovel having a safe and enjoyable experi- are a tradition that many of us partake ready to smother the fire with some ence. Remember that it only takes in. While out on your next vacation or dirt. While at your camping destina- seconds for things to go bad; burns weekend getaway, keep these simple tion, check with local DNR offices to are serious, painful and permanent, things in mind. be certain fires are permitted for that and they leave lasting scars on the particular day. Changing weather victim(s). Exercise some caution and Fires should only be burned in ap- conditions dictate the applicable courtesy for the people around you, proved areas, such as fire pits provided rules for burning, and they can including neighbors and other camp- by the Parks and Forest Department, change from day to day. ers, and expect the same in return for campfire rings (which can be purchased you and your family. Make sure all at Meijer, Cabela's, Wal-Mart, etc.), and Campfires at home are gaining in fires are completely extinguished similar structures designed for contain- popularity, too. Before burning, check when you're done, and never leave ing fires.At a minimum, keep fires small with local codes and ordinances to any fire unattended. Be safe and enjoy enough so that the contents of burning make sure you are in compliance. If the nice weather. material is within the ring. Remember necessary, obtain a permit from the IIIIII[ IIIIII IIIIII[ IIIIII IIIIII[ IIIIII IIIIII IIIIII[ IIIIII IIIIII[ IIIIII IIIIII IIIIII[ ° During 2002-2005, U.S. fire departments responded to an estimated annual average of 31, 400 fires started b lightning. These fires caused annual averages of: 12 civilian deaths; 57 civilian injuries; and �,� �,os jogs. Y9 9 9 J 'dr t $213 million in direct property damage. The January 2006 West Virginia coal mine explosion that claimed 12 lives was the deadliest U.S. fire started by lightning in recent years. Fires started by lightning peak in the summer months and in the late afternoon and early evening. In 2002-2005, only 16% of reported lightning fires occured in homes, but these accounted for; nearly all the associ- ated civilian deaths; 90%of the associated injuries, and; 58% of the direct property damage. Outside and other fires accounted for 78% of the lightning fires reported to Lightning Fatalities by Location: 2002-2006 local fire departments. Outside in open area 44% National Interagency Fire Center Under tree 22% statistics show that in 2002-2006, an average of 12,000 (16%)of the Ball field 5% wildland fires were started by light- Golf 4% ning per year. These fires burned an ➢ Most of the victims were average of 5.2 million acres per year. Boat EM 4% somewhere outside when Camping 4% lightning struck. Lightning also causes non-fire deaths and injuries.According to the national In water EM 3% Weather Service reports, in 2006, Near heavy equipment 1% lightning caused 47 deaths and 242 Injuries. Other or unknown 12% 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 3 How11111mic111111111boullt lf[lllll,Oes a111111111id Where is the safest air in your home during a fire? What is the proper home safety protocol for a fire? Take this short, six- question quiz to find out the answers to these questions and to test your knowledge of fire and home safety issues.After completing the questions scroll down to the bottom of the page to check your answers. Lets face it, how many of us have really thought about fire protection? It may cross our minds as we watch the news or read the paper. Yet we probably haven't taken any steps to ensure fire safety in our own homes. Unfortunately most people think it won't happen to them. It would be nice if that were true, but as statistics show it is not. Every year nearly 4,000 Americans die in fires and more than 25,000 are injured. FIRE AND HOME SAFETY f l'"rue or Ill'allse You are in a surooke ii`iillll'ed roouio l he correct lhouiioe safety rune uis to keep your tread as 4„ °°°rue or III"allse�� GhHdreiir pllayuiirg W,Chfire uis the caose to tlhe floor as possuNe as you exut. ea61ng rause offire deatlirs in prescalro6ers. a) true a) true b) false b) false Answer: b)false—heat and smoke rise, therefore the air Answer:a)true—home safety starts with teaching chil- closest to the floor is the coolest. Plastics, nylons, and dren fire safety rules. Two thirds of those killed in fires other manmade materials emit deadly gasses when started by children playing are under the age of six. burned, and these gasses are heavier than air. The proper home safety rule is to crawl to the nearest exit with your y„ thole asllleep, afire starts our your lrouiioe. Upour head approximately 18 inches from the floor; this is where wakiiirg you sllroUd the safest air is located. a) bolt upright and exit your room and home as quickly as 2 ""l'"rue orfalseIll lire spreads uroetlho6c.alllly f"roiiru oure possible. obec.t to aurotlher acrd froom oure rooiiru to tlhe urext b) run to the window and jump to safety. c) frantically run out of the house, yelling at your family to a) true wake up. b) false d) roll out of bed and crawl to safety. Answer: b)false—during a fire, heat rises and tempera- Answer: d)roll out of bed and crawl to safety. Bolting tures can exceed 800 degrees.As this hot air fills the area upright could easily plunge your head directly into the closest to the ceiling it begins to descend and flow under extreme heat and deadly thick smoke. One breath could doors and through cracks. Upon contact with a flammable prove fatal. object, this hot air can ignite a new fire in a different room than the original fire. 6. If"your c.11otllues c.atc h fiireq tllre appropHate Ihouroe safety procedure liis to k Accord uurry to Ihouroe safety guudellouresa of afire breaks out WhHe you are our tllre second floor of a) run to your neighbor's yard and jump in their pool. your Ihouroe you sllroull'd b) frantically jump up and down. c) throw yourself on the ground and roll around to extin- a) open the window and jump to safety. guish the fire. b) run to the door, open it, and exit the room as quickly as d) run in circles, scream, and yell until help arrives. possible. c) feel the door for heat as high up as possible; if it doesn't Answer: c)throw yourself on the ground and roll around feel hot, slowly open it and crawl to safety. to extinguish the fire. STOP! DROP! and ROLL! is the d) none of the above. home safety rule of thumb when your clothes are on fire. Running amok fans the flames, causing the fire to spread. Answer: c)feel the door for heat, and slowly open it. If you open the door quickly and the air inside your room is We hope that you have found this quiz to be informative cooler and has more oxygen than the air in the hallway, and helpful in planning your reaction to a fire in your home. the fire will travel into the room. Share it with you family and start;planning today. 4 II ��l e Si I e "It ���o(i I I e Ca��111111idle Sal"Ife"Ity Carbon monoxide: You can't see it, smell it, or taste it, but it kills approximately 200 Americans each year and sends Increasingly, firefighters arrive on the scene of a deadly blaze to discover the destruction had begun another 10,000 to hospital emergency rooms. Please learn from something so harmless-looking as a lit candle. how to protect your family from this invisible killer. Most of us in the fire service don't say we're shocked Carbon monoxide (CO) is a toxic gas produced by the by this because we've all seen plenty of candle incomplete combustion of fuel.Any fuel-burning appliance trouble. We do feel great concern, though, when we such as a water heater, space heater, fireplace, or furnace learn that every day in the U.S. there will be about 35 can be a source of the deadly gas. When CO is inhaled, it fires started just by candles. reduces the amount of oxygen that gets to cells, suffocating According to the most recent yearly data from the the victim. Symptoms of CO poisoning include headaches, sleepiness, nausea, and dizziness. NFPA(National Fire Protection Association, www.nfpa.org), there were 12,540 fires caused by l flow III':)oes CO III';Illu ter tllre Ili°°Illourrre' candles in the U.S, resulting in 157 deaths, 1,106 Most newer homes are built air-tight, thus cutting down on injuries and $176.1 million in property damage. the supply of fresh air to your furnace- and creating an The NFPA reports that December is the peak month, oxygen starved flame. Tight closing replacement windows with almost twice the average number of candle fires. and doors, as well as additional insulation can cause similar problems in older homes. Nationally, home candle fires have doubled in number Carbon monoxide can spill from vent connections in poorly over the last decade.An increasing demand for maintained or blocked chimneys. If the flue liner is cracked candles has driven a once modest market for the or deteriorated, CO can seep through the liner and into the religious and the romantic to an industry Y house-slowly creeping up to dangerous levels. If a nest or where aromatherapy and room fresh- other materials restrict or block the flue, CO will mostly spill eners now rule. Every color, size, and back into the house. shape imaginable, and some marketed to young children, have all added to Improperly sized flues connected to new high-efficiency the candle rage. With such popularity come more risks for fire and fire furnaces and water heaters can also contribute to CO ��; spillage. (Many new furnaces and water heaters are in- deaths. stalled using the existing chimneys which may be the wrong size to allow the furnace to vent properly.) Be safe by following these safety measures when using candles: Warming up vehicles in an attached garage, even with the ' Always extinguish all candles when leaving the garage door opened, can allow concentrated amounts of CO room or going to sleep. to enter your home through the car port door or near-by • Keep candles away from items that can catch fire windows. like clothing, books, paper, curtains, and combus- tible decorations. • Use candleholders that are sturdy, won't tip over Install UL rated Carbon Monoxideeasily, are made from a material that can't burn, NOXXX and is large enough to collect dripping wax. Detectors throughout your house. The '' vt Never place lighted candles in windows, where detectors should be installed near the �� ��� GI blinds and curtains can close over them. bedroom and sleeping areas.Additional 1 ,1011 bedroom detectors should be located throughout �� Always place candleholders on a sturdy, unclut- tered surface and do not use candles in places from appliances. where they could be knocked over by children or Have a qualified service professional pets. inspect all your fuel-burning appliances Keep candlewicks trimmed to one-quarter inch and annually (preferably before heating extinguish taper and pillar candles when they get to within two inches of the holder of decorative season). material. Never operate an automobile for an extended period of Votives and containers should be extinguished time inside a garage without proper ventilation. before the last half-inch of wax starts to melt.Avoid If your carbon monoxide detectors "sounds" contact a qualified service professional or Livonia Fire & Rescue. candles with combustible items embedded in them. Above all, always remember that a candle is an If you or your family display chronic flu-like symptoms, exit your home and call 911 immediately. open flame and can easily ignite any nearby combustibles. 5 uuu°u I uuum e 11111 1111111 1111111 By Tom Kiurski What started out as a lazy church outing, complete with a twin-paddlewheel steamship ride on the East River from y ' Manhattan to Long Island Sound, ended up as New York's , deadliest tragedy prior to September 11, 2001. The death toll, although never confirmed, sits at 1,021 of the 1,300 p� parishoners aboard. Just five weeks prior to the June 1904 excursion, the U.S. Steamboat Inspection Service had inspected the ship and certified it and its life preservers as � being "up to date, and of good quality". „r o A boy on the ship noticed the smoke and flames in a storage room, and he quickly notified a crew member and t ly � the Captain. The storage room was filled with paint, � gasoline and flammable materials that the ship was carrying for the outing. The crew member went to investi- gate, while the Captain harshly criticized the boy for making what he felt was a false report. Precious minutes were wasted when the crew member investigated, then „ told another crew member who also investigated, who then told a third crew member before any action was taken. The r,,,,r,,l%' !` " ,, r fi' f''J% °� J"IFJ� !l crew pulled an onboard fire hose and turned the valve, only to have the rotten fire hose burst into pieces in their The Captain badly mishandled the situation. He decided to hands under the water pressure. The crew had never had continue his course, rather than run the ship aground or afire drill, and their attempts proved that.Although the stop at a nearby landing. By going into headwinds and ship was equipped with lifeboats and life preservers, they failing to immediately ground the ship, he actually fanned were useless. Survivors reported that the life preservers the fire. Highly flammable paint also helped the fire to were useless and fell apart in their hands. The lifeboats spread out of control. He increased his speed, fanning the were tied up and inaccessible. Desperate mothers placed existing flames on board the ship. life preservers on their children and tossed them into the water, only to watch in horror as their children sank instead Some passengers attempted to jump into the river, but the of floated, due to the condition of the jackets. The rotten clothing of the day made swimming almost impossible. canvas covers split, spilling the granulated cork into the Many died instantly when the 3-level floors of the over- water.Also, the population of the boat consisted mainly of loaded boat collapsed; others were mauled by the still women and children, most of whom could not swim. The turning paddles. Captain was notified of the fire after crew tried in vain to extinguish it for a full ten minutes. Many boats in the river assisted in rescue efforts. Other heroic efforts continued when the ship finally ran aground, with rescuers forming human chains, pulling people from the water and dragging them to shore. Hospital staff rushed to the shore to begin medical treatment. The Captain and all but two of the crew survived the incident, while most passengers lost their lives. Many drowned, and many other refused to jump, and burned to their deaths. The Captain was criticized for not complying with fire training of his crew, and for the poor condition of the hose, lifeboats and life preservers. hl✓ While this sad situation happened just over 100 years ago, fires still occur on boats and ships. Have fire extinguishers on personal watercraft, and make sure adults know where it is located and how to use it. If on a ship, take part in the fire drills and note the location of life boats and life pre- servers. 6 1111111 1111111 1111111 ��� ��� 1111111 1111111'""' 1111111 °°°° 11111 Fires caused by cooking are still the leading cause of cooking fires worse by spreading them. The safest way to home fires and injuries in the United States. Although the extinguish cooking fires is by using an A-B-C rated fire numbers have decreased slightly, the high numbers of extinguisher, pouring baking soda onto the fire, or slipping cooking fires is cause for alarm. The main reason for the lid on the pan and shutting the heat off to the burner. cooking fires is leaving food unattended. People cook so i� regularly that they often underplay the dangers associated with cooking. They tend to feel comfortable walking away from the stove they are cooking on, and often forget to ���'� return. This can turn out to be a major mistake. In 2003, cooking equipment was involved in 118,700 reported home structure fires, the largest share for any �� major cause. Of these fires, 75,300 were reported as fires confined to a cooking appliance.Also in 2003, cooking equipment structure fires in homes resulted in 250 civilian deaths, 3,880 civilian injuries, and $512 million in direct property damage. Most home cooking fires involve the range, and this is also true for losses in home cooking In addition to extinguishing the fire correctly, take some fires. The leading factor in home cooking fires is equip- additional steps to help reduce the risk of cooking fires in ment unattended (one-third of home cooking structure your homes, such as: fires, excluding confined fires, and two-fifths of associated • Make sure combustible items such as rags, pot holders, civilian deaths), followed by combustibles too close to heat curtains and towels are kept well away from the cooking source and unintentionally turning on or not turning off the area. device. • Don't leave cooking food on the stovetop unattended, and keep a close eye on food cooking inside the oven. Cooking fires can also build up high heat in a short period • Don't cook if you are drowsy or feeling the effects of of time. The fires often start within the first 15 minutes of alcohol, medication or other drugs. beginning to cook, which shows that there is no "safe" • Roll up sleeves and don't wear loose-fitting clothing. If period of time to leave cooking unattended. If you must you clothes catch on fire, stop, drop and roll until the leave the kitchen, take something with you to remind you fire is out. that there is food on the stove, such as an oven mitt or a • Clean cooking equipment regularly to remove grease or spatula. cooking materials that can easily ignite. • Keep children and pets away from cooking areas by Another problem associated with cooking fires is that creating a three-foot"kid-free zone" around the stove. people can easily try putting them out the wrong way. If all else fails, call 9-1-1 to report any unwanted fire in What may come to mind first is water, which makes your home and meet your friendly Livonia firefighters. 1111111 °� °°°° 1111111 1111111. 1111111'""' °°°°° Seventy percent of all home fire fatalities occur in homes where there i are no smoke alarms or no working smoke alarms, according to the National Fire Protection Association (NFPA). Despite a rise in smoke alarm use over the past two decades, nearly one-fourth of the home smoke alarms in reported fires do not work. Usually, this is due to dead or missing batteries. People too often disconnect or remove the batteries because they are tired of dealing with nuisance activations. Make sure your smoke alarms are working properly and are tested at least once a month. If your smoke alarm is more than ten years old, it should be replaced. How about testing your smoke alarms right now? Livonia Fire & Rescue BULK RATE 14910 Farmington Road U.S. POSTAGE Livonia, Michigan 48154 PermtAIDNo. 54 CONNECTING THE COMMUNITY WITH THE FIRE DEPARTMENT Livonia MI Shadd Whitehead, Chief Tom Kiurski, Editor Chris Furstenau, Writer IIII I 0) 4ip% IIIIIkIIIDIIIIIIIII' �i uuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuu NNNN�iNN�iNN�iNN�fNNONI0INONI0INONNtlIIINNNIINNNIINNNIINNNIINNNIINNNIINNNIININONI0INONI0INONI01Nn0iNN�iNN�iNN�iNN�iNN�iNN�iN II�IIN�IOINVN��II�IfI�II�IfI�II�IfI�II�I(Inf��IIIIIINIUIIII 11111111111111111111111111111IIN l ��Nu�NIUNIN � �` �orivuuuVuullVVuVV0VVV00VVVVVVV��V�VVGVVVVVVVVVVVVIIIIVVVVVIIWuw��- leIImiIi, its' �N��uDAn�,eV �� ,f10y,y��Nlll sa'%rview I i ve s ��• y ��Nr��� �` ��Y j P f � 1 1`�i�� l ��, ioum0�p �M mn4iwup A O 0 olol N0 WIN] - _-� IDV��pp M'Ppp ��+I�iIIIF Pyr 1rhe liu;n'r Y>G �lN NllPvl�NI�G1 Aj4 �� 5N�'1p Nrg NjO�N i� �i 8